U.S. aluminum foil producers described this week a systematic effort by Chinese competitors to force them out of the business, arguing before a U.S. trade panel that they need anti-dumping duties to survive and invest.
At a hearing before the U.S. International Trade Commission Thursday, aluminum industry executives argued that preliminary anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties against Chinese foil should be locked in place to allow an industry “devastated” by unfairly low prices to regain its footing.
“We cannot continue to reduce prices on our product offerings and remain sustainable,” said Beatriz Landa, general manager of specialty products at Atlanta-based Novelis Corp.
Chinese producers and some of their customers argued at the hearing that U.S. foil producers were not being injured and that U.S. producers were incapable of producing the thinnest gauges of foil used in food and medical products packaging. They also said U.S. producers were ceding the market to invest instead in higher-margin aluminum products such as those used in automotive production.
“Our success is not based on selling aluminum foil at low prices,” said Mo Xinda, a director at China’s Non-Ferrous Metals Industry Association.
Mo said that the industry’s development in China was geared mainly for China’s domestic needs and that some U.S. customers “require China’s aluminum foil because U.S. mills cannot satisfy their needs.”
The commission is expected to rule on whether U.S. producers were injured by Chinese imports in April, a decision that would uphold or reject Commerce Department’s duties.
About the same time, President Donald Trump is due to decide whether to impose much broader duties on aluminum imports under a national security investigation.
The foil case, the first the U.S. aluminum industry has brought against China’s aluminum sector, could serve as a litmus test for the “Section 232” decision and other aluminum anti-dumping cases aimed at curbing excess Chinese production.
The U.S. Commerce Department in 2017 imposed combined preliminary anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties on Chinese aluminum foil of about 114 percent to 243 percent.
In 2016, imports of aluminum foil from China were valued at an estimated $389 million, Commerce Department figures show.
At Thursday’s hearing, U.S. aluminum executives ran through a list of numerous plants that have closed in the last few years as low-priced Chinese imports grew, including a Reynolds Aluminum plant in Richmond, Va., with the loss of 725 jobs and a Novelis plant in Louisville, Ky.
“We have historically been one of the most cost competitive producers of flat-rolled aluminum products in the world,” said Landa, of Novelis. “We cannot compete, however, against products that are subsidized by the Chinese government and that are sold at unfairly low prices,” she said.
Lee McCarter, chief executive officer of JW Aluminum Inc., said aluminum foil pricing conditions had deteriorated to a “turning point,” where without tariff relief, the company also will have to exit the foil business, risking closure of plants in St. Louis and Russellville, Ark.